Vivienne Westwood, an influential vogue maverick who played a crucial part in the punk movement, died Thursday at 81.

Westwood’s eponymous fashion home declared her death on social media platforms, saying she died peacefully. A lead to of demise was not disclosed in the statement.

Westwood’s vogue occupation began in the 1970s with the punk explosion, when her radical technique to urban street design and style took the globe by storm. But she went on to enjoy a very long vocation highlighted by a string of triumphant runway demonstrates in London, Paris, Milan and New York.

The identify Westwood grew to become synonymous with type and perspective even as she shifted emphasis from year to yr. Her vary was large and her work was never predictable.

As her stature grew, she appeared to transcend fashion, with her layouts shown in museum collections all over the environment. The youthful woman who experienced scorned the British institution ultimately grew to become just one of its main lights, and she utilised her elite position to foyer for environmental reforms even as she held her hair dyed the vivid shade of orange that became her trademark.

Vivienne Westwood
Vivienne Westwood watches rehearsals in advance of her clearly show for the duration of London Fashion 7 days at Royal School of Surgeons on Feb. 21, 2016 in London, England.

John Phillips / Getty Illustrations or photos

Andrew Bolton, curator of the Costume Institute at the Metropolitan Museum of New York, reported Westwood would be celebrated for groundbreaking the punk look, pairing a radical style technique with the anarchic punk appears created by the Sexual intercourse Pistols, managed by her then-companion, Malcolm McLaren.

“They gave the punk movement a seem, a design and style, and it was so radical it broke from just about anything in the earlier,” he explained. “The ripped shirts, the safety pins, the provocative slogans. She released postmodernism. It was so influential from the mid-70s. The punk motion has hardly ever dissipated — it truly is come to be component of our manner vocabulary. It can be mainstream now.”

Westwood’s extended profession was entire of contradictions: She was a lifelong rebel who was honored many instances by Queen Elizabeth II. She dressed like a teenager even in her 60s and turned an outspoken advocate of preventing world wide warming, warning of planetary doom if local climate improve was not controlled.

In her punk days, Westwood’s clothes had been frequently deliberately shocking: T-shirts embellished with drawings of bare boys, and “bondage trousers” with sadomasochistic overtones had been typical fare in her preferred London outlets. But Westwood was able to make the transition from punk to haute couture with no missing a beat, trying to keep her vocation heading without having stooping to self-caricature.

“She was always hoping to reinvent style. Her get the job done is provocative, it really is transgressive. It really is quite a great deal rooted in the English tradition of pastiche and irony and satire. She is extremely very pleased of her Englishness, and continue to she sends it up,” Bolton stated.

Just one of people transgressive and contentious types showcased a swastika, an inverted image of Jesus Christ on the cross and the term “Damage.” In an autobiography prepared with Ian Kelly, she explained it was meant as element of a assertion against politicians torturing people today, citing Chile’s Augusto Pinochet. When requested if she regretted the swastika design and style in a 2009 job interview with Time magazine, Westwood reported no.

“I do not, due to the fact we ended up just stating to the older era, ‘We don’t settle for your values or your taboos, and you happen to be all fascists,'” she responded.

She approached her function with gusto in her early yrs, but around time appeared to tire of the clamor and buzz. Right after decades of building, she sometimes spoke wistfully of going outside of fashion so she could focus on environmental matters and academic projects.

“Trend can be so tedious,” she informed The Connected Press just after unveiling a single of her new collections at a 2010 clearly show. “I’m seeking to locate anything else to do.” At the time, she was talking up designs to commence a television sequence about artwork and science.

By Amalia