Vivienne Westwood, the fashion designer who created punk and new wave manner mainstream, has died. She was 81.

Westwood died Thursday “peacefully and surrounded by her family, in Clapham, South London,” a write-up shared on her Instagram website page by her manufacturer said.

“Vivienne ongoing to do the issues she loved, up until eventually her last moment, building, functioning on her artwork, crafting her e book, and modifying the globe for the better,” in accordance to the Instagram caption along with a image of Westwood. “She led an amazing lifetime. Her innovation and effects around the very last 60 years has been enormous and will continue on into the long run.”

PHOTO: Dame Vivienne Westwood attends an event in London, on Jan. 27, 2020.

Ricky Vigil M/GC Photographs by using Getty Photographs

Dame Vivienne Westwood attends an event in London, on Jan. 27, 2020.

“The planet requires folks like Vivienne to make a change for the far better,” the model stated.

Her spouse and creative husband or wife Andreas Kronthaler also unveiled a assertion and said, “I will proceed with Vivienne in my coronary heart.”

“We have been doing the job right up until the conclusion and she has specified me a good deal of matters to get on with. Thank you darling,” he added.

PHOTO: In this Feb. 22, 2015, file photo, Vivienne Westwood leads the models down the catwalk following the Vivienne Westwood Red Label show during London Fashion Week.

David M. Benett/Getty Photos, FILE

In this Feb. 22, 2015, file image, Vivienne Westwood potential customers the types down the catwalk pursuing the Vivienne Westwood Purple Label show throughout London Trend 7 days.

Westwood and her start off in manner

Born on April 8, 1941, to Gordon and Dora Swire, a manufacturing unit worker and cotton weaver, respectively, the English designer emerged on the trend scene in the 1970s when she achieved artist and musician Malcolm McLaren, who was the manager of the punk band the Intercourse Pistols.

Westwood grew to become one particular of the most important designers of the punk manner movement, co-running a retail store with McLaren referred to as Sexual intercourse, situated at 430 King’s Cross Road in Chelsea, which turned a assembly area for those people in London’s early punk scene. Her design was encouraged by quite a few punk icons which include Viv Albertine, and lots of of people styles involved mohair jumpers, slashed T-shirts, motorcyclists’ leather and military beat equipment.

PHOTO: In this Nov. 15, 1976, file photo, Vivienne Westwood speaks to Sid Vicious at a Sex Pistols gig in the U.K.

Ian Dickson/Redferns by way of Getty Illustrations or photos, FILE

In this Nov. 15, 1976, file photograph, Vivienne Westwood speaks to Sid Vicious at a Sexual intercourse Pistols gig in the U.K.

In the 1980s into the early ’90s, Westwood transitioned into a period that she identified as “New Passionate” and “The Pagan Yrs,” with outfits that parodied the higher course. As aspect of the New Intimate movement, Westwood and McLaren staged their initial completely ready-to-don assortment in 1981 named “Pirates,” which was encouraged by McLaren’s fascination with the 1980 film, “The Island,” and Westwood’s curiosity in silhouettes and portraits of the 17th and 18th hundreds of years. Patterns bundled unfastened-bottomed, vast-striped Buccaneer trousers and oversized shirts worn with draped sashes.

The New Intimate motion was influential and rapidly grew to become mainstream, with some of the era’s foremost musical acts adopting the fashions in their individual way, like David Bowie, Spandau Ballet and Marc Bolan.

PHOTO: In this Oct. 22, 1981, file photo, a model appears in the Vivienne Westwood World's End Fashion show "Pirates", Autumn/Winter 1981-82, in London.

David Corio/Redferns via Getty Pictures, FILE

In this Oct. 22, 1981, file photograph, a design seems in the Vivienne Westwood World’s Conclusion Fashion show “Pirates”, Autumn/Wintertime 1981-82, in London.

Shortly just after the start of Pirates, Westwood and McLaren went their individual ways, and Westwood set up her identity as a major independent designer, making variations like the “mini-crini,” a thigh-grazing crinoline generated in cotton and tweed, in 1985, and incorporating 19th century bustles in her elaborate knitwear dresses and tartan miniskirts.

Underneath her trend empire, she had two menswear and a few womenswear collections and generated footwear, hosiery, eyewear, scarves, ties, cosmetics and perfumes. When the initially marriage gown she intended was her personal in 1962 for her very first relationship to Derek Westwood, she also intended bridal gowns beneath her label, making legendary looks for famous people including Dita Von Teese, Miley Cyrus, Marion Cotillard, Princess Eugenie and, most notably, Carrie Bradshaw’s marriage ceremony gown for the 2008 “Sexual intercourse and the Town” film.

In 2006, Westwood’s contribution to British fashion was recognized when she was appointed dame of the British Empire by the late Queen Elizabeth II.

PHOTO: In this Oct. 2, 2007, file photo, Sarah Jessica Parker is shown in a wedding dress durign filming of the movie "Sex And The City."

New York Daily News Archive via Getty Photographs, FILE

In this Oct. 2, 2007, file photograph, Sarah Jessica Parker is demonstrated in a wedding ceremony dress durign filming of the motion picture “Sexual intercourse And The City.”

Westwood’s activism and legacy

Aside from paving the way for punk and new passionate fashion trends, Westwood also employed her designs to reflect the brings about she was passionate about, like local weather improve. According to her brand’s website, Westwood supported hundreds of brings about, NGOs, grassroots charities and campaigns about the previous 20 yrs.

She started out the Local climate Revolution in 2012 to just take action in opposition to disengaged political leaders and major organizations.

In 2020, during the COVID-19 pandemic, she wrote an op-ed for The New York Times speaking about her activism.

PHOTO: Dame Vivienne Westwood attends the Elle Style Awards in London, on Feb. 13, 2017.

David Bennett/Getty Pictures

Dame Vivienne Westwood attends the Elle Type Awards in London, on Feb. 13, 2017.

“I have been an activist in opposition to war and for human legal rights,” she wrote. “We are on the lookout as a result of the lens of the transforming entire world. If the human race does not flip the telescope around, we facial area mass extinction. Weather adjust will reach a tipping position.”

“This is why I fashioned Weather Revolution: to preserve the natural environment,” she additional, and talked about her stance on sustainability in style.

Future 12 months, The Vivienne Foundation, a not-for-revenue enterprise, will formally start to honor Westwood’s existence, layout and activism. It was launched by Westwood, her sons Ben Westwood and Joseph Corré, and her granddaughter in late 2022.

In accordance to Westwood’s manufacturer, the purpose of the foundation is to increase recognition and generate tangible change doing the job with NGOs, and it supports 4 pillars: “local climate modify, stop war, protect human rights and protest capitalism.”

By Amalia